Tibetan Grammar - originative case

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WORK IN PROGRESS: the grammar articles are being edited for wiki publication. During editing, the content might be incomplete, out of sequence or even misleading. In the verb section the approach to explain Tibetan verbs is changed to that of the "three thematic relations: Theme, Location, and Agent" - there will be discrepancies to the other grammar section until they are matched with it

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by Stefan J. Gueffroy[1] [fka Eckel]

Originative Case—འབྱུང་ཁུངས་ཀྱི་སྒྲ་: ནས་, ལས་

  • Also called: originative particle, source particle, ablative particle.

Independent of verb type

Source, origin, འབྱུང་ཁུངས་, place, substance, person

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Originative of reason

  • Tibetan grammatical term: རྒྱུ་མཚན་དང་འབྲེལ་བའི་འབྱུང་ཁུངས་

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Originative of instrument and means

Originative of instrument and means

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Forming instrumental postpositions

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Inclusion—only ནས་

  • Tibetan grammatical term: སྡུད་པ་

For all the following usages under in this section, only ནས་ is used.

Temporal beginning, succession

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Beginning of a confined sequence or extent of space, time and enumerations

Space
  • Tibetan grammatical term in regard to space: ཡུལ་གྱི་མཚམས་འཛིན་ཅིང་སྡུད་པ་

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Numbers
  • Tibetan grammatical term in regard to numbers: གྲངས་ཀྱི་མཚམས་འཛིན་ཅིང་སྡུད་པ་

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Enumerations
  • Tibetan grammatical term in regard to functional objects: དངོས་པོའི་མཚམས་འཛིན་ཅིང་སྡུད་པ་

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Time

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Beginning of a confined sequence with negation of the verb

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  • This is mostly translated in to English by "until" while leaving out the negation of the verb.



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Postpositions with ནས་

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  1. recently adopted