Tibetan Grammar - First case 'ming tsam' - just the name
WORK IN PROGRESS: the grammar articles are being edited for wiki publication. During editing, the content might be incomplete, out of sequence or even misleading. In the verb section the approach to explain Tibetan verbs is changed to that of the "three thematic relations: Theme, Location, and Agent" - there will be discrepancies to the other grammar section until they are matched with it
ming tsam མིང་ཙམ་, Just the Name
Template:Tibetan Also called: nominative case, "no particle", accusative case, patient role particle "-Ø", rirst case. This case does not add any particle to the word or changes it any way.
Independent of Verb Type
Enumeration, Section Heading, Title
- Proleptic: anticipatory
Temporal ming tsam
- Temporal ming tsam can also be viewed as a very frequently omitted locative (la don) of time.
In Compound Words
- Note: See also "Formation of the Tibetan Words - Compounded Nouns".
Adjective/Verb - Adjective/Verb
- from: དགའ་བ་ adjective, noun, verb:
joyful, happy; joy; to be happy, glad, pleased, to take joy in
Noun - Adjective
Nouns in a List - Nominalized Clauses in a List
Examples for Types of Verbs with an Argument in ming tsam
Exceptions are discussed in the verb section. E.g., see: (in The Syntactic Verb Categories) agentive directed, directed grammar with transitive verbs and (in Classification of Verbs According to Semantic and Syntactic Groups) Verbs Expressing Mental Activity with Directed Grammar, Verbs That Can Take a Referential ལ་ for Their Theme, Verbs of Benefit or Harm and Hindrance, Verbs Expressing "to Make Effort, to Engage In"
Intransitive verbs like:
verbs of existence and possession
In Tibetan, the theme (subject) of the verb དགོས་པ་, to need, is that what is needed, it performs the action to be needed, (the "water" in the example). What or whom needs is the qualifier (the "sprouts").
Verbs of Absence and "Presence"
- recently adopted