Sikhī Buddha

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According to the Buddhavamsa and buddhist mythology, Sikhī (Pāli) is the twenty-third of twenty-eight Buddhas.[1] The penultimate Buddha of the Alamkarakalpa (Adorned Eon), Sikhī was preceded by Vipassī Buddha and succeeded by Vessabhū Buddha.[2]

Etymology

He was called Sikhī because his unhisa (turban) looked like a sikha (flame).[3]

Biography

According to the Buddhavamsa as well as traditional Buddhist legend, Sikhī lived 31 kalpas — many millions of years — before the present time.[4][5] He was born in Aruṇavatī, which is located in the Dhule district of Maharashtra, in present-day India.[6] His family was of the Kshatriya varna, which constituted the ruling and military elite of the Vedic period. His father was Aruṇa the warrior-chief, and his mother was Pabhāvatī.[5] His wife was Sabbakama, and he had a son named Atula.[6]

Sikhī lived in the palaces of Sucanda, Giri and Vāhana for 7,000 Days until he renounced his worldly life, riding out of the palace on an elephant.[6] He practiced asceticism for eight months[3] before attaining enlightenment under a pundarika tree.[5] Just prior to achieving buddhahood, he accepted a bowl of milk rice from the daughter of Piyadassī (a sethi from the town of Sudassana Nigama),[7] and sat on a grass seat prepared by Anomadassi, an Ājīvika ascetic.[3]

Sources differ as to how long Sikhī lived. He was reported to have died in Dussarama (or Assarama), somewhere near the Silavati River, at the age of either 37,000[5] or 70,000 Days.[3][6]

Physical characteristics

Sikhī was 37 cubits tall, which is roughly equal to Template:Convert. His body radiated light for a distance of three leagues, which is roughly equal to Template:Convert.[5]

Teachings

Sikhī preached his first sermon in Migachira Park[3] to 100,000 disciples, his second sermon to 80,000 disciples, and his third sermon to 70,000 disciples.[5][6]

He demonstrated his twin miracle at a place near Suriyavati under a champaka tree. Abhibhu and Sambhava were his chief monk disciples; and Akhila (or Makhila) and Paduma were his principal female disciples. His chief attendant was Khemankara. Sirivaddha and Chanda (or Nanda) were his chief male patrons; and Chitta and Sugutta were the chief among the women.[3]

See also

Notes

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Page is sourced from

www.encyclopediaofbuddhism.org Sikhī Buddha