Schools of Buddhism

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Three main historical traditions of Buddhism

This article lists the main Schools of Buddhism with the major Buddhist traditions.

Early schools

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Map of the major geographical centers of Sectarian Buddhist schools in India. Sarvāstivāda (red), Theravāda (orange), Mahāsāṃghika (yellow), Pudgalavāda (green), and Dharmaguptaka (gray).
File:Buddha image - stone - with disciple.jpg
An image of Gautama Buddha with a swastika, a traditional Buddhist symbol of infinity, on his chest. Ananda, the Buddha's disciple, appears in the background. This statue is from Hsi Lai Temple.

Twenty sects

Sthaviravāda split into 11 sects:

Mahāsāṃghika split into 9 sects:

Influences on East Asian schools

Monastic/vinaya influence:

East Asian Buddhist traditions generally follow the monastic tradition of the vinaya of the Dharmaguptaka lineage. However, there are exceptions. For example, some sects within Japan do not follow the traditional vinaya vows; these sects permit non-celibate "monks" or "preists".[1]

Philosophical influence:

Theravada subschools

The different schools in Theravada often emphasize different aspects (or parts) of the Pāli canon and the later commentaries, or differ in the focus on and recommended way of practice. There are also significant differences in strictness or interpretation of the vinaya.

Indian Mahayana schools

East Asian schools

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Tibetan cultural schools

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Other traditions

Tantric traditions

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Further reading

  • Bhikkhu Sujato (2007). Sects and sectarianism: the origins of Buddhist schools, Taipei, Taiwan: Buddha Educational Foundation; revised edidion: Santipada 2012
  • Dutt, N. (1998). Buddhist Sects in India. New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.
  • Coleman, Graham, ed. (1993). A Handbook of Tibetan Culture. Boston: Shambhala Publications, Inc.. Template:ISBN.
  • Warder, A.K. (1970). Indian Buddhism. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

External links

Page is sourced from Schools of Buddhism