Samantabhadra

From HinduismPedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Introduction

Introduction:

Samantabhadra means something in Buddhism , Pali, Hinduism , Sanskrit, Jainism , Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.


Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[ «previous (S) next» ] — Samantabhadra in Vyakarana glossary

Source : Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar Samantabhadra (समन्तभद्र).—A Jain scholar of great repute who is believed to have written, besides many well-known religious books such as आप्तमीमांसा गन्धहस्तिभाष्य ( āptamīmāṃsā gandhahastibhāṣya ) etc. on Jainism, a treatise on grammar called Cintamani Vyakarana.

context information Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.


Discover the meaning of samantabhadra in the context of Vyakarana from relevant books on Exotic India '


In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[ «previous (S) next» ] — Samantabhadra in Mahayana glossary

Source : Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra Samantabhadra (समन्तभद्र) is the name of a Bodhisattva who is praised by the Buddhas, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLVII .—Accordingly, “the Buddhas praise these Bodhisattvas. Who are they? They are, for example, Wen-chou-che-li (Mañjuśrī), P’i-mo-lo-kie (Vimalakīrti), Kouan-che-yin (Avalokiteśvara), Ta-che-tche (Mahāsthāmaprāpta), Pien-ki (Samantabhadra). These leaders among the Bodhisattvas appear in the threefold world ( traidhātuka ), create for themselves innumerable bodies by transformation, enter into saṃsāra and convert beings. From such exploits ( adbhuta ) comes the entire very profound prajñāpāramitā ”.

Mahayana book cover context information Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.


Discover the meaning of samantabhadra in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India '


Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

[ «previous (S) next» ] — Samantabhadra in Tibetan Buddhism glossary

Source : Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism Samantabhadra (समन्तभद्र) is the name of a Bodhisattva mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Samantabhadra).

Source : archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography 1) Samantabhadra (समन्तभद्र) is the name of the Bodhisattva offspring associated with Vairocana : one of the Dhyāni-Buddhas , according to Vajrayāna or Tantric Buddhism.—His colour is white; and his symbol is the cakra .—The Dhyāni Buddhas are the progenitors of the different families and they have each a spiritual consort and spiritual son. These spiritual sons are called the Bodhisattvas. The Bodhisattvas bear the same colour, and the same recognition symbol whether they sit or stand. The Bodhisattva with the Cakra symbol is Samantabhadra and is thus affiliated to the Dhyāni Buddha Vairocana with the Cakra symbol. He belongs to the Tathāgata Kula. When represented, he either stands erect or sits in different sitting attitudes, such as Dhyāna, Lalita or Bhadra poses on a full-blown lotus. He usually holds the stem of a lotus on which the family symbol, the Cakra, is shown

2) Samantabhadra (समन्तभद्र) (“Universal Goodness”) is the name of a Bodhisattva commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—His color is yellow and blue; his symbol is the jewel.—Samantabhadra is popular both in Tibet and China where his images are frequent and numerous. Although images of Samantabhadra are not rare in India, the bulk of his images are to be met with in China, At least five images of the Bodhisattva are found in Peiping alone.

Samantabhadra is described several times in the Niṣpannayogāvalī as follows:

(1: Dharmadhātuvāgīśvara-maṇḍala):—“Samantabhadra is yellow in colour, shows the Varada (boon) in the right hand and holds on the left the sword on lotus”. (2: Durgatipariśodhana-maṇḍala):—“Samantabhadra is of golden colour, holds a bunch of jewels in theright hand, while the left rests on the hip”. (3: Kālacakra-maṇḍala):—“Samantabhadra is blue in colour and holds in his three right hands the Vajra, the Kartri and the Paraśu, and in the three left hands the Ghaṇṭa, the Kapāla and the severed head of Brahmā. Sometimes the head of Brahmā is replaced by the Utpala. He is embraced by his consort Dharmavajrā”.

Samantabhadra is described in the Sādhanamālā (in the Lokanātha-sādhana) as follows:

“Samantabhadra is of yellowish colour, holds the jewel on a lotus and exhibits the Varada-mudrā in his two hands”.

3) Samantabhadra (समन्तभद्र) or Samantabhadralokeśvara refers to number 53 of the 108 forms of Avalokiteśvara found in the Machhandar Vahal (Kathmanu, Nepal). [Machhandar or Machandar is another name for for Matsyendra.].

Accordingly,—

“Samantabhadra is one-faced and two-armed and sits in the Vajraparyaṅka attitude on a lotus. He exhibits the Varada pose with his right hand, and holds the stem of a lotus against the chest with his left”.

The names of the 108 deities [viz., Samantabhadra] possbily originate from a Tantra included in the Kagyur which is named “the 108 names of Avalokiteshvara”, however it is not yet certain that this is the source for the Nepali descriptions. Source : Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini

Samantabhadra (समन्तभद्र) is the name of a deity to be contemplated upon by a practicioner purifying his correspondences ( viśuddhi ), according to the 12th-century Abhisamayamañjarī. Samantabhadra is alternatively known by the name Aiśvaryavajra because he bestows all powers. The contemplation is prescribed as a preliminary ritual for a yogin wishing to establish, or reestablish the union with a deity.

Samantabhadra is associated with all the sense fields and the color pure white. He is to be visualised as holding an attribute in his right hand and a bell in his left. The deities of the sense organs and fields are the esoteric equivalents of the deities associated with the skandhas .

Source : academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala Samantabhadra (समन्तभद्र) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Samantabhadrī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Hṛdayacakra , according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the hṛdayacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’) , situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala . The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Samantabhadra] are reddish yellow in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover context information Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques ( vajrayāna ) are collected indepently.


Discover the meaning of samantabhadra in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India '


General definition (in Buddhism)

[ «previous (S) next» ] — Samantabhadra in Buddhism glossary

Source : Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha Samantabhadra (समन्तभद्र) refers to the third of the “eight Bodhisattvas” ( aṣṭabodhisattva ) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 12). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., aṣṭa-bodhisattva and Samantabhadra). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source : Buddhist Door: Glossary Also called “Visvabhadra Bodhisattva” or “Universally Worthy Bodhisattva”. Being one of the Four Great Bodhisattvas, he is the Bodhisattva of Great Conduct, representing the Law. He has Ten Great King Vows, which are the guidelines in practising Buddhism, and cultivating the Buddhist Way.

Source : The Art of Asia: Who is Who in Heaven Samantabhadra (Chinese: Pu suien; Japanese: Fugen) Bodhisattva of Universal Goodness/Truth and Practice Source : academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism According to Taranatha, Mallikabuddhi, Muditabha-bhadra and Samantabhadra were the contemporaries of King Buddhapaksha (990-952 BCE). Brahmana Shanku, Brihaspati, and Rahulamitra and Buddhamitra were also lived during the time of Buddhapaksha.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[ «previous (S) next» ] — Samantabhadra in Jainism glossary

Source : academia.edu: The epoch of the Mahavira-nirvana According to inscriptional references, Samantabhadra, the founder of Syadvada philosophy, was the disciple of Balakapichcha who was the pupil of Umaswami. After Samantabhadra, Devanandi and Akalanka were the Digambara Acharyas. It appears that Akalanka was the follower or the founder of Desiya Gana as mentioned in the inscription dated Saka 1085 (502 CE).

General definition book cover context information Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness ( ahimsa ) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana , ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.


Discover the meaning of samantabhadra in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India '


India history and geogprahy

[ «previous (S) next» ] — Samantabhadra in India history glossary

Source : academia.edu: The Chronological History of Tibetan Buddhism Samantabhadra (1641-1541 BCE).—According to the Nyingma tradition, Samantabhadra Vajradhara or Padmasambhava, the second Buddha was the founder of Dzogchen. Samantabhadra taught Dzogchen (Mahayana/Vajrayana Buddhism) to Vajrasattva. Evidently, Samantabhadra and Padmasambhava were the same person.

Source : Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary Samantabhadra.—(Ep. Ind., Vol. III, p. 199), prosperous on all sides. Note: samantabhadra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover context information The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.


Discover the meaning of samantabhadra in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India '


Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[ «previous (S) next» ] — Samantabhadra in Sanskrit glossary

Source : DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary Samantabhadra (समन्तभद्र).—a Buddha or the Buddha.

Derivable forms: samantabhadraḥ (समन्तभद्रः).

Samantabhadra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms samanta and bhadra (भद्र).

Source : Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary Samantabhadra (समन्तभद्र).—(1) (see also Bhadra 1, Samanta, Samantata-bhadra) name of a celebrated Bodhisattva, sometimes one of eight (e.g. Dharmasaṃgraha 12) or sixteen ( (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 40.13) Bodhisattvas; other cases: Mahāvyutpatti 648; Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 472.2 ff. ; Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 157.18; Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 1.10; Bhadracarī , prose introduction (in verses Samantata-bh°); Kāraṇḍavvūha 1.12; 63.18; 92.18; (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 62.21; 68.20, etc.; Gaṇḍavyūha 2.13; 33.1; 530.12, etc.; Sādhanamālā 8.2 etc.; (2) name of one or more Tathāgatas: Mahāvastu iii.236.15; Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 105.9; Sādhanamālā 12.4.

--- OR ---

Samantabhadrā (समन्तभद्रा).—name of a goddess: Mahāvyutpatti 4289.

Source : Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary Samantabhadra (समन्तभद्र).—m.

( -draḥ ) A Jina or Budd'ha. E. samanta every way, and bhadra auspicious.

Source : Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum 1) Samantabhadra (समन्तभद्र) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa]

2) Samantabhadra (समन्तभद्र):—a Jaina author. Quoted in Jainendravyākaraṇa. L. 2426. Zacharia7 in Bezzenberger's Beitra7ge 5, 299: Prākṛtavyākaraṇa. Laṅkāvatāra.
—[commentary] on Yakṣavarman’s Śākaṭāyanavyākaraṇavṛtti.

Source : Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary 1) Samantabhadra (समन्तभद्र):—[= sam-anta-bhadra ] [from sam-anta ] mfn. wholly auspicious, [Haravijaya]

2) [ v.s. ...] m. a Buddha or a Jina, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [ v.s. ...] Name of a Bodhi-sattva, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha] ( cf. [Dharmasaṃgraha 12])

4) [ v.s. ...] of a poet etc., [Catalogue(s)]

5) [ v.s. ...] n. Name of a grammar.

context information Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् ( saṃskṛtam ), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.


Discover the meaning of samantabhadra in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India '


See also (Relevant definitions)

Item last updated: 11 October, 2020