International Standard Book Number

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The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a uniqueTemplate:EfnTemplate:Efn numeric commercial book identifier. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.[1]

An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book, a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country.

The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit Standard Book Numbering (SBN) created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108 (the SBN code can be converted to a ten digit ISBN by prefixing it with a zero).

Privately published books sometimes appear without an ISBN. The International ISBN agency sometimes assigns such books ISBNs on its own initiative.[2]

Another identifier, the International Standard Serial Number (ISSN), identifies periodical publications such as magazines; and the International Standard Music Number (ISMN) covers for musical scores.

Notes

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References

  1. Template:Cite web
  2. Bradley, Philip (1992). Template:Cite web Template:Small. The Indexer. 18 (1): 25–26.

External links

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Page is sourced from

www.encyclopediaofbuddhism.org International Standard Book Number