Hōkyōintō

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File:Houkyouintou English.gif
A hōkyōintō and its parts

A Template:Nihongo is a Japanese pagoda, so called because it originally contained the Template:Nihongo Template:Nihongo sūtra.[1] A Chinese variant of the Indian stūpa, it was originally conceived as a cenotaph of the King of WuyueQian Liu.[1]

Structure and function

Usually made in stone and occasionally metal or wood, hōkyōintō started to be made in their present form during the Kamakura period.[1] Like a gorintō, they are divided in five main sections called (from the bottom up) Template:Nihongo, or "inverted flower seat", Template:Nihongo, or base, Template:Nihongo, or body, Template:Nihongo, or umbrella, and Template:Nihongo, or pagoda finial.[1] The tōshin is the most important part of the hōkyōintō and is carved with a Sanskrit letter.[2] The 'sōrin has the same shape as the tip of a five-storied pagoda.[2] The kasa can also be called Template:Nihongo, or roof.[2] It's decorated with four characteristic wings called Template:Nihongo[1] or Template:Nihongo.[2] Different structures exist, and the hōkyōintō property of the Yatsushiro Municipal Museum in Kyushu for example is divided in just four parts, with no kaeribanaza.[2]

The sūtra contain all the pious deeds of a Tathagata Buddha, and the faithful believe that praying in front of a hōkyōintō their sins will be canceled, during their lives they will be protected from disasters and after death they will go to heaven.[2]

The hōkyōintō tradition in Japan is old and is believed to have begun during the Asuka period (550–710 CE).[2] They used to be made of wood and started to be made in stone only during the Kamakura period.[2] It is also during this period that they started to be used also as tombstones and cenotaphs.[2]

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Iwanami Kōjien Japanese dictionary
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 Yatsushiro Municipal Museum

References

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Page is sourced from

www.encyclopediaofbuddhism.org Hōkyōintō