A Template:Nihongo is a Japanese pagoda, so called because it originally contained the Template:Nihongo Template:Nihongo sūtra. A Chinese variant of the Indian stūpa, it was originally conceived as a cenotaph of the King of Wuyue – Qian Liu.
Structure and function
Usually made in stone and occasionally metal or wood, hōkyōintō started to be made in their present form during the Kamakura period. Like a gorintō, they are divided in five main sections called (from the bottom up) Template:Nihongo, or "inverted flower seat", Template:Nihongo, or base, Template:Nihongo, or body, Template:Nihongo, or umbrella, and Template:Nihongo, or pagoda finial. The tōshin is the most important part of the hōkyōintō and is carved with a Sanskrit letter. The 'sōrin has the same shape as the tip of a five-storied pagoda. The kasa can also be called Template:Nihongo, or roof. It's decorated with four characteristic wings called Template:Nihongo or Template:Nihongo. Different structures exist, and the hōkyōintō property of the Yatsushiro Municipal Museum in Kyushu for example is divided in just four parts, with no kaeribanaza.
The sūtra contain all the pious deeds of a Tathagata Buddha, and the faithful believe that praying in front of a hōkyōintō their sins will be canceled, during their lives they will be protected from disasters and after death they will go to heaven.
The hōkyōintō tradition in Japan is old and is believed to have begun during the Asuka period (550–710 CE). They used to be made of wood and started to be made in stone only during the Kamakura period. It is also during this period that they started to be used also as tombstones and cenotaphs.
- Iwanami Kōjien Japanese dictionary
- Yatsushiro Municipal Museum
- Iwanami Template:Nihongo Japanese dictionary Sixth Edition, DVD Version Template:Ja icon
- Shinkō no Katachi - Hōkyōintō, Yatsushiro Municipal Museum, accessed on September 18, 2008 Template:Ja icon
- Template:Cite web
Hōkyōintō at Ishiyama-dera (Otsu)
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Hōkyōintō at Onsen-ji (Toyooka)
Hōjō Masako's Hōkyōintō (Kamakura)
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Hōkyōintō at Mizuma-dera near Osaka