Five Treatises of Maitreya rigpawiki

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Maitreya

Five Treatises of Maitreya (Tib. བྱམས་ཆོས་སྡེ་ལྔ་, jamchö dé nga; Wyl. rigpawiki byams chos sde lnga; Trad. Chin. 彌勒五論) — the bodhisattva Maitreya rigpawiki, who will be the next buddha after Shakyamuni rigpawiki, transmitted the root teachings to Asanga rigpawiki, who transcribed them as the ‘Five Treatises of Maitreya’. Mipham Rinpoche rigpawiki writes:

After the noble bodhisattva Asanga performed the practice of Lord Maitreya for twelve human years, he met Maitreya face-to-face and was led to the heavenly realm of Tushita rigpawiki. Maitreya presented Asanga with five commentaries that comment upon the wisdom intent of all the words of the Victorious One. These five treatises are the Two Ornaments, the Two Treatises That Distinguish, and the Sublime Continuum.[1]

Among the five, four are classed as shastras (commentaries) proper, and one falls into the class of oral instructions. The four that are shastras are extensive are:

1. The Ornament of Clear Realization rigpawiki (Skt. Abhisamayālaṃkāra; Tib. མངོན་པར་རྟོགས་པའི་རྒྱན་; Trad. Chin. 現觀莊嚴論).
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2. The Ornament of the Mahayana Sutras rigpawiki (Skt. Māhayānasūtrālaṃkāra; Tib. ཐེག་པ་ཆེན་པོའི་མདོ་སྡེ་རྒྱན་; Trad. Chin. 大乘莊嚴經論).
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3. Distinguishing the Middle from the Extremes rigpawiki (Skt. Madhyāntavibhāga; Tib. དབུས་དང་མཐའ་རྣམ་པར་འབྱེད་པ་; Trad. Chin. 辨中邊論頌).
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4. Distinguishing Dharma and Dharmata rigpawiki (Skt. Dharma-dharmatā-vibhāga; Tib. ཆོས་དང་ཆོས་ཉིད་རྣམ་པར་འབྱེད་པ་; Trad. Chin. 辨法法性論) is very brief and direct in its presentation and is included within the class of oral instructions.
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5. The Sublime Continuum rigpawiki (Skt. Uttaratantra Śāstra; Tib. རྒྱུད་བླ་མ་; Trad. Chin. 分別寶性大乘無上續論).
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Overview

Khenpo Shenga rigpawiki[2] says:

"The treatises are:
The Ornament of Clear Realization, which explains the intent of the sutras teaching profound emptiness;
The Ornament of Sutras and the two ‘Distinguishing’s, which explain the intent of the sutras teaching the aspect of extensive conduct; and
The Sublime Continuum, which explains the intent of the sutras teaching the inconceivable nature of reality (dharmata).
Moreover, these texts were given for the sake of guiding three types of individual:
The three intermediate treatises of Maitreya were composed for those to be trained through the teachings of the mahayana Mind Only rigpawiki system of philosophy;
The Ornament of Clear Realization was composed for those to be trained through the teachings of the mahayana Svatantrika rigpawiki system; and
The Sublime Continuum was composed for those to be trained through the teachings on the mahayana Prasangika rigpawiki system."

Notes

  1. At the very beginning of his commentary on Distinguishing the Middle from the Extremes.
  2. Template:LH

Page is sourced from

www.rigpawiki.org Five Treatises of Maitreya