Buddha (title)

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File:022 Stupas and Bodhi Trees representing the Seven Buddhas (33772342726).jpg
"The Seven Buddhas", at Sanchi (1st century BCE/CE). Six Buddhas of the past are represented, together with the current Buddha, Gautama Buddha

In Buddhism, Buddha, "awakened one,"Template:Sfn is a title for someone who is awake, and has attained nirvana and Buddhahood. The title is most commonly used for Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, who is often simply known as "the Buddha".

However, the title can also be used for others who have achieved enlightenment, such as the other human Buddhas who achieved enlightment before Gautama, the five celestial Buddhas worshipped primarily by Vajrayana followers, and the bodhisattva named Maitreya, who will achieve enlightment in the future and succeed Gautama Buddha as the supreme Buddha of the world.

Etymology

The word Buddha means "the awakened one" or "the enlightened one". According to the Chinese Buddhist tradition, the title is literally translated as "the knowing one".[1] "Buddha" is also used as a title for the first awakened being in a Yuga era. In most Buddhist traditions, Siddhartha Gautama is regarded as the supreme Buddha (Pali sammāsambuddha, Sanskrit samyaksaṃbuddha) of the present age.

Hypothetical root budh "perceive" 1. Pali buddha – "understood, enlightened", masculine "the Buddha"; Aśokan (the language of the Inscriptions of Aśoka) Budhe nominative singular; Prakrit buddha – ‘ known, awakened ’; Waigalī būdāī, "truth"; Bashkarīk budh "he heard"; Shina Gilgitī dialect budo, "awake"; Kashmiri bọ̆du, "quick of understanding (especially of a child)"; Sinhalese buj (j written for d), budu, bud, but, "the Buddha".[2] The term is mirrored in various Indo-European languages with a common root/stem: *bheud- and meanings: to be awakened.

Buddhavamsa named 25 Buddhas including Gautama in section three until twenty seven, while the twenty eight section lists three Buddhas who lived before the time of Dipankara Buddha.[3]

List of the named Buddhas

File:Buddha's statue near Belum Caves Andhra Pradesh India.jpg
Buddha's statue located near Belum Caves, Andhra Pradesh, India

The seven most recent Buddhas to attain enlightment are:

See also

References

  1. Fayun, 翻譯名義集,Song dynasty
  2. Template:Cite web
  3. Template:Cite web

Sources

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Page is sourced from

www.encyclopediaofbuddhism.org Buddha (title)