Bhikshu Bodhisattva Shantarakshita

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zhi ba 'tsho - Lobpön Bodhisattva, Shantarakshita, 'Guardian of Peace', or 'Peace Sustainer'. The Indian pandita and abbot of Vikramashila and of Samye who ordained the first Tibetan monks. He was an incarnation of the bodhisattva Vajrapani and is also known as Khenpo Bodhisattva or Bhikshu Bodhisattva Shantarakshita. He is the founder of a philosophical school combining Madhyamaka and Yogachara. This tradition was reestablished and clarified by Mipham Rinpoche in his commentary on the Madhyamaka-Lamkara [RY]

ka ma la shi la - 1) Kamalashila. 2) Indian disciple of Khenpo Shantarakshita. {pad ma'i ngang tshul} 8th century Indian master of Sautrantika-Madhyamaka who visited Tibet and defeated the Chinese monk Ha-Shang in debate. Disciple of Shantarakshita and invited to Tibet by King Trisong Deutsen. proponent of Sautrantika [RY]

ska ba dpal brtsegs - Kawa Paltsek. Direct disciple of both Padmasambhava and Shantarakshita; important contributor to the translation of the Tibetan Tripitaka and the Nyingma Gyübum. Born in Phen Valley, he became an eminent translator in accordance with a prophecy by Padmasambhava, and was among the first seven Tibetan monks ordained by Shantarakshita. He received Vajrayana teachings from the great master Padma and attained unimpeded clairvoyance. Kawa is a place name and Paltsek means 'Mountain of resplendence.' [RY]

khri srong de'u btsan - Trisong Deutsen. (790-844) The second great Dharma king of Tibet who invited Guru Rinpoche, Shantarakshita, Vimalamitra, and many other Buddhist teachers including Jinamitra and Danashila. In The Precious Garland of Lapis Lazuli, Jamgön Kongtrül dates Trisong Deutsen as being born on the eighth day of the third month of spring in the year of the Male Water Horse (802). Other sources state that year as his enthronement upon the death of his father. Until the age of seventeen he was chiefly engaged in ruling the kingdom. He built Samye, the great monastery and teaching center modeled after Odantapuri, established Buddhism as the state religion of Tibet, and during his reign the first monks were ordained. He arranged for panditas and lotsawas to translate innumerable sacred texts, and he established a large number of centers for teaching and practice. Among his later incarnations are Nyang Ral Nyima Özer (1124-1192), Guru Chöwang (1212-1270), Jigmey Lingpa (1729-1798), and Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo (1820-1892) [RY]

mkhan chen bo dhi sa tva - Khenchen Bodhisattva. Shantarakshita [RY]

mkhan chen byang chub sems - Shantarakshita [RY]

mkhan chen zhi ba 'tsho - Shantarakshita, also known as Khenpo Bodhisattva, the abbot who introduced the monastic lineage to Tibet [RY]

mkhan chen bho dhi sa tva - Shantarakshita, the supreme abbot Bodhisattva. Syn {zhi ba 'tsho. Indian pandita who ordained the first monks in Tibet [RY]

mkhan po bo dhi sa tva - Khenpo Bodhisattva. The Indian master who ordained the first monks in Tibet. See Shantarakshita [RY]

mkhan po bo dhi sa tva zhi ba 'tsho - Bodhisattva Shantarakshita. The first abbot to ordain monks in Tibet [RY]

mkhan slob chos gsum - The Abbot, the Master Acharya, and the Dharma King. 1) khenpo Bodhisattva Shantarakshita; {mkhan po bo dhi sa tva}, {zhi ba 'tsho}. 2) Lobpön Pema Jungney {slob dpon pad ma 'byung gnas}, Padmasambhava. 3) Chögyal Trisong Deutsen, King of Tibet {chos rgyal khri srong de'u btsan} [RY]

ngan lam rgyal ba mchog dbyangs - Gyalwa Cho-Yang of Nganlam. A close disciple of Guru Rinpoche who attained accomplishment through the practice of Hayagriva and was later incarnated as the Karmapas. Born into the Nganlam clan in the Phen Valley, he took ordination from Shantarakshita in the first group of seven Tibetan monks. It is said that he kept his vows with utmost purity. Having received the transmission of Hayagriva from Padmasambhava, he practiced in solitude and reached the level of a vidyadhara. Gyalwa Cho-yang means 'Sublime voice of victory.' [RY]

chos kyi bshes gnyen - Dharmamitra, Indian disciple of Khenpo Shantarakshita [RY]

rnying ma - Nyingma School. The teachings brought to Tibet and translated mainly during the reign of King Trisong Deutsen and in the subsequent period up to Rinchen Sangpo in the ninth century chiefly by the great masters Padmasambhava, Vimalamitra, Shantarakshita, and Vairochana. The two subsequent main types of transmission are Kama and Terma. Practices are based on both the Outer Tantras and Inner Tantras with emphasis on the practice of the Inner Tantras of Mahayoga, Anu Yoga and Ati Yoga [RY]

de kho na nyid bsdus pa'i tshig le'ur byas pa - [pramana text by Shantarakshita] [IW]

sdom pa nyi shu pa'i 'grel pa - Commentary on the Twenty Verses on the Commitments of Bodhichitta; by Shantarakshita; (T 4082) [RY]

rnal 'byor spyod pa'i dbu ma - Yogacharya-Madhyamika, founded by Shantarakshita; Yogachara Madhyamaka. Def. {tha snyad du shes pa tsam las ma gtogs pa phyi'i don med par khas len pa phra ba nang gi dbu ma pa} and {tha snyad du phyi don med par 'dod pa ste zhi ba 'tsho sogs so} [RY]

bo dhi sa tva - (SK; 1) bodhisattva; 2) Shantarakshita {zhi ba 'tsho} [IW]

blo sems 'tsho - an Indian pandita invited to Tibet by the translator Lithise during the reign of king {lha tho tho ri} Believed by some to be one and the same as {mkhan po zhi ba 'tsho} (Shantarakshita) [RY]

dbu ma rgyan - Ornament of the Middle Way; Madhyamakalamkara-karika; Shantarakshita, 705-762, 8th century. [RY]

sba rat na - the first monk in Tibet and precept-successor in the lineage of Shantarakshita [RY]

sba gsal snang - contemporary of Trisong Deutsen; wrote the {sba bzhad} chronicles. Other name: {ye shes dbang po}. Abbot of Samye after Shantarakshita [RY]

rma rin chen mchog - Rinchen Chok of Ma. Early Tibetan translator, among the first seven Tibetans to take ordination from Shantarakshita and the chief recipient of the Magical Net of Mahayoga. He is known for translating the Essence of Secrets Guhyagarbha Tantra, the chief tantra of Mahayoga. Through the teachings he received from Padmasambhava he attained the level of a vidyadhara. Rinchen Chok means 'Sublime Jewel.' [RY]

zhi ba mtsho - Shantarakshita, SA zhi ba 'tsho [JV]

zhi ba 'tsho - proponent of Svatantrika; Indian pandita, first half of 8th century. Shantarakshita [RY]

zhi 'tsho - Shantarakshita [IW]

zhi 'tsho yab sras - Shantarakshita and chief disciple [Kamalashila] [RY]

za hor - Zahor. An ancient Indian kingdom believed to be situated around Mandir the present state of Himachal Pradesh in the northern part of India. Kingdom associated with the early transmission of the Tantra; home of Shantarakshita; also spelled Sahor or Sahora [RY]

ye shes snying po - proponent of Sautrantika; the master Jnanagarbha, guru of Marpa, the Sarvastivadin scholar who ordained and named Bodhisattva Shantarakshita / {mkhan po zhi ba 'tsho} a disciple and precept-successor in the Vinaya lineage of {slob dpon dpal sbas} The guru of Bodhisattva Shantarakshita [RY]

la gsum rgyal ba byang chub - Gyalwa Jangchub of Lasum. One of the first seven Tibetans to receive full ordination as a monk by Shantarakshita, he was exceedingly intelligent, visited India several times and translated many sacred scriptures. A close disciple of Padmasambhava, he attained siddhi and could fly through the sky. Rigdzin Kunzang Sherab, the founder of the great Palyül Monastery in Kham, is considered one of his reincarnations. Gyalwa Jangchub means 'Victorious enlightenment.' [RY]

seng ge bzang po - Haribhadra, an important Indian scholar of the prajnaparamita. Indian pandita of Yogacara-svatantra-madhyamika school, author of {brgyad stong 'grol chen} and {'grel pa don gsal} Singha Bhadra, Indian disciple of Khenpo Shantarakshita. Indian pandita of Yogacara-svatantra-madhyamika school, author of {brgyad stong 'grol chen} and {'grel pa don gsal} Haribhadra, an important Indian scholar of the prajnaparamita. Singha Bhadra, Indian disciple of Khenpo Shantarakshita [RY]

slob dpon bo dhi sa tva - Master Bodhisattva. Shantarakshita [RY]

gsang sngags phyi'i rgyud sde - Outer Tantras of Secret Mantra. The tantras belonging to the three vehicles of Kriya, Ubhaya and Yoga. In the context of the Old School of the Early Translations, Ngagyur Nyingma, they were translated into Tibetan mainly by Shantarakshita and Kawa Paltsek [RY]

gsang ba'i mtshan brgyad - 1) {pad ma 'byung gnas}. 2) {rgyal po gdung 'thob skyes bu} 3) {srin po} Shantarakshita. 4) {bdud shor ba gzhon nu} 5) {shA kya bshes gnyen} 6) {pad ma sam bha wa} 7) {pad ma thod phreng} 8) {slob dpon chen po mtsho skyes rdo rje} [RY]